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Matters needing attention in the safety of photovoltaic power plants

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Matters needing attention in the safety of photovoltaic power plants

At the end of each year, safety issues become an important window for testing photovoltaic power plants. With heavy snow in the winter, low temperature and severe cold, dry climate, and weakened irradiation, at this time, it is necessary to pay more attention to photovoltaic power plants and make them work stably in order to bring sustainable benefits. What are the hidden dangers in the end? What factors lead to the loss of power generation? How to avoid it? Let's sort it out together today.

1. Cable and fire protection are very important

In any engineering project, fire prevention is the first priority. The power of photovoltaic power station is carried by AC cables. Generally speaking, the fire hazard of household power stations is small. The capacity of such power stations is generally between 20kW and 40kW. Although the voltage connected to the grid may fluctuate, the overall current is not large. For example, the maximum output current of 40kW is about 66A. The probability of fire caused by the power station itself is very small. For large photovoltaic power plants, the output current of the system is relatively large. For example, the total output current of a 2.5MW sub-array is more than 3000 A, and the inverters used are relatively large. There are sub-combination cabinets, and the cables are recommended to use flame-retardant copper-core cables. During the operation of the power station, the cables should be checked every six months to ensure good continuity and safety. In winter, the outdoor temperature is low, reaching minus tens of degrees in some areas. Although the cable may be insulated during laying, the outer layer of the cable may be damaged after repeated temperature rises and falls. If found, it should be replaced in time.


2. Check the DC side terminals and PV cables more

The 4mm² or 6mm² PV photovoltaic special cable used on the DC side, the 4mm² specification is more widely used and fully meets the input requirements of the module current. However, from the feedback of many actual cases, it is more common for the DC terminal to be burned, which is generally caused by the lack of tight pressure lines during installation. If the DC side terminal is found to be damaged during the daily inspection, the terminal of the same specification should be replaced in time, and the metal core of the terminal must be pressed tightly. The pressing length should be ≥40mm, and pay attention to the positive and negative polarity when connecting.


3. Check whether the grounding is good

According to the technical specifications of relevant photovoltaic power plants, the grounding resistance value of lightning protection grounding is generally between 4~10Ω; the grounding resistance of working grounding is generally less than 1Ω. When the total capacity of low-voltage power equipment does not exceed 100kVA, the grounding resistance is not allowed to exceed 10Ω. The main purpose is to quickly lead the surge current to the ground when lightning occurs, and protect equipment and personnel from lightning strikes to the greatest extent possible. The ground wire is generally made of metal hot-dip galvanized steel, which should be done during the construction stage of the power station. The common grounding wire is flat steel sheet/strip, the general specification is 40mm (width) * 4mm (thickness), and its length should be more than 2.5m, buried in the ground, the depth should be more than 1m from the ground, in order to play a good Admittance effect. Failure to do a good job of grounding not only poses a safety hazard, but also often causes grounding fault codes, which cause the system to stop working.


4. Component cleaning

Modules are always the source of revenue for photovoltaic power plants. There are many impurities in the atmosphere, which will be pressed to the ground or the surface of objects by a lot of rain and snow. The modules are exposed to the air, and rain and snow are frequent in winter. After the modules are covered, the output capacity is greatly reduced. If the components are cleaned frequently, the output can be maximized within the limited intensity even if the irradiation is reduced.


When removing snow or dust from components, keep these points in mind:

1) Do not step on the components directly. --- Special tools for cleaning of various components are available. 2) Rinse the assembly with hot water. ---You can use water at room temperature and choose a water gun with a larger impact. 3) Do not use hard metal tools such as shovels to shovel snow or ice. --- Rubber tools can be used to protect the surface of the components. 4) If there is snow on the surface of the module, it should be cleaned in time. Do not wait for a long time to clean the snow. The snow melts and freezes again, which increases the difficulty of cleaning and increases the probability of module damage. 5) If the snow on the module is very thick, first use a soft broom to remove the snow, and then use a cloth mop to completely clean the glass surface.

In winter, photovoltaic power plants should focus on and do the above aspects, and solve the above points, so that your photovoltaic power plants can survive the winter steadily and make steady profits.

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